Child Health And Nutrition(DECE2) IGNOU Unit Wise Solution Day 3(ENGLISH)

Child Health And Nutrition(DECE2) IGNOU Unit Wise Solution Day 3(ENGLISH)

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Child Health And Nutrition(DECE2) IGNOU Unit Wise Solution Day 3(ENGLISH)

Contents
Chapters
Chapter-1 Introduction to Nutrition and Health
Unit 1    The Concept of Nutrition
Unit 2    The Concept of Health
Unit 3     Indicators of Health
Chapter-2  Basic Concepts in Nutrition
Unit 4 The Macronutrients-I: Carbohydrates And Water
Unit-5 The Macronutrients-II: Proteins and Fats
Unit-6 The Micronutrients-1 : Vitamins
Unit-7 The Micronutrients-II: Minerals
Unit-8 Planning Balanced Diets
Chapter-3 Nutrition and Health Care during Pregnancy and Lactation
Unit-9   Meal Planning for Pregnant and Lactating Women
Unit-10 Health Care during Pregnancy
Unit-11  Health Care during Intranatal and Postnatal Periods
Chapter-4 Nutrition and Health Care during Infancy and Early Childhood
Unit-12 Nutrition during Infancy
Unit-13 Nutrition during Early Childhood
Unit-14 Health Care of the Child
Chapter-5 Nutrition Related Disorders in Early Childhood
Unit-15 Major Deficiency Diseases – 1: PEM and Xerophthalmia
Unit-16 Major Deficiency Diseases – II: Anaemia and lodine Deficiency Disorders
Unit-17Other Nutritional Disorders
Chapter-6 Nutrition and Health Programmes
Unit-18 Major Nutrition Programme
Unit-19 Major Health Programme
Unit-20 Assessment of Nutritional Status
Chapter-7 Common Childhood Illnesses, Their Prevention and Management -1
Unit-21 Caring for the Sick Child I
Unit-22 Some Disorders of the Alimentary System
Unit-23 Some Disorders of the Respiratory System
Unit-24 Some Infections of the Mouth and Throat
Unit-25 Some Problems of the Eyes
Chapter-8 Commom Childhood illness,Their Prevention And Management 
Unit-26 Common Diseases of the Skin
Unit-27 Common Problems of the Bars
Unit-28 Fevers
Unit-29 Lumps and Swellings
Unit-30 First Aid
Child Health And Nutrition(DECE2) IGNOU Unit Wise Solution Day 3(ENGLISH)
Chapter-1
Introduction to Nutrition and Health
Before Going To Read DAy 3 Question PLease Read Day 1,2 click below
Q6. State the different interpretations of the term ‘Health’.(5 MARK)
Ans. Health is not perceived the same way by all of members a community,
including various professionals for example doctors, health administrators and
social scientists, giving rise to confusion about the concept of health. Let us briefly
look at the changing concept of health.
Traditionally, health has been viewed as “absence of disease”. In other words, if a
person was not suffering from any disease, she was considered healthy. This
concept, known as the biomedical concept, was based on the “germ theory of
disease”, which dominated medical thought from the end of the 19th century
onwards. The medical profession looked upon the human body as a machine and
disease as a consequence of the breakdown of the machine, primarily brought about
by germs. The biomedical concept of health has been considered unsatisfactory as it
ignores the role of environmental, social, cultural and psychological determinants of
health.
What are Psycho-social determinants of health?
This concept of health was found inadequate to explain some of the major
problems of mankind, such as malnutrition, chronic diseases, drug abuse, mental
illness etc. Deficiencies in the biomedical concept gave rise to other concepts of
health, like the ecological and psychosocial concepts.
According to the ecological concept, health is a state of harmonious equilibrium
between human beings and their environment, and disease a state of mal-adjustment
of the human being to the environment.. For example, destruction of forests on a
large scale has brought about changes in the climate leading to famine floods and
starvation with consequent disease problems. It is argued that better adaptation of
human beings to natural environments leads to a longer life expectancy and a better
quality of life.
Development of social sciences has led to the psychosocial concept of health. This
concept is based on the ground that health is not only a biological phenomenon, but
also a social one. Factors such as psychological, socio-cultural and economic also
influence health. There is a great role of social customs and practices on the health
status of the individuals, such as those relating to diet of a pregnant or lactating
woman, feeding an infant, and marriage between relatives.
The most acceptable concept of health is the holistic concept. This, in fact, is the
synthesis of all the above concepts. The holistic concept of health implies the well-
being of the person in the context of her environment. This view corresponds to the
ancient view that health implies a sound mind, in a sound body, in a congenial
family, in a good environment. The holistic concept thus recognizes that all sectors of
society have an effect on health, and emphasizes the protection and promotion of
health,
Q7. Define “Health”.(5 MARK)
Ans. The above concepts of health are embodied in the World Health Organization’s
(WHO) (1948) definition of health, which is as follows:
“Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely
an absence of disease or infirmity.”
4 Things Happy People Don't Do. Give up these bad habits and your… | by Niklas Göke | Personal Growth | Medium
In recent years, this definition has been expanded to include the ability to lead a
“socially and economically productive life”.

 

While the WHO definition of health is one that is most widely accepted, it also has
some limitations. Can you identify them? Yes, one drawback is the absence of
measurable terms. For instance, can we measure the “mental well-being” or the
social well-being” of a person and decide if it is complete? Well, not really!
Another criticism is that health cannot be defined as a “state”. Instead, it must be
seen as a process of continuous adjustment of people to the changing environment
and demands of life.
Further, many consider that health, as defined by WHO, is an idealistic goal rather
than a realistic one. There are times when we are suffering from an infection or
concentrating on our work, or worried about something. How often can we claim to
be in a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being? Some consider the
WHO definition irrelevant to everyday demands as nobody qualifies as healthy.
That is, if we follow this definition, most of us are sick!
Worried about every ache and pain? You could be suffering from health anxiety - BelfastTelegraph.co.uk
However, in spite of the limitations mentioned above, the concept of health as
defined by WHO is broad and positive in its implications. It sets out the standard;
the standard of “positive health”, towards which all of us should strive.
Now what is positive health? You know that the WHO definition of health
envisages 3 dimensions of health-physical, mental and social. A person who enjoys
health at all these three levels is said to be in a state of positive health. The concept of
positive health implies the notion of “perfect functioning of the body and mind in the
social environment”. In such a state, biologically, every part and organ of the body is
functioning at optimum capacity and in perfect harmony; psychologically, the
individual feels a sense of well-being, and socially, her capacities for participation in
the social system are optimal.
Q8. Briefly describe the various dimensions of health.(NEXT CLASS) – 15 MARK
Next DECE2 Chapter 1 Question 8,9,10,11  Comming Soon…..

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Child Health And Nutrition(DECE2) IGNOU Unit Wise Solution Day 3(ENGLISH)

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