Child Health And Nutrition(DECE2) IGNOU Unit Wise Solution Day 4(ENGLISH)

Child Health And Nutrition(DECE2) IGNOU Unit Wise Solution Day 4(ENGLISH)

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Child Health And Nutrition(DECE2) IGNOU Unit Wise Solution Day 4(ENGLISH)

Contents
Chapters
Chapter-1 Introduction to Nutrition and Health
Unit 1    The Concept of Nutrition
Unit 2    The Concept of Health
Unit 3     Indicators of Health
Chapter-2  Basic Concepts in Nutrition
Unit 4 The Macronutrients-I: Carbohydrates And Water
Unit-5 The Macronutrients-II: Proteins and Fats
Unit-6 The Micronutrients-1 : Vitamins
Unit-7 The Micronutrients-II: Minerals
Unit-8 Planning Balanced Diets
Chapter-3 Nutrition and Health Care during Pregnancy and Lactation
Unit-9   Meal Planning for Pregnant and Lactating Women
Unit-10 Health Care during Pregnancy
Unit-11  Health Care during Intranatal and Postnatal Periods
Chapter-4 Nutrition and Health Care during Infancy and Early Childhood
Unit-12 Nutrition during Infancy
Unit-13 Nutrition during Early Childhood
Unit-14 Health Care of the Child
Chapter-5 Nutrition Related Disorders in Early Childhood
Unit-15 Major Deficiency Diseases – 1: PEM and Xerophthalmia
Unit-16 Major Deficiency Diseases – II: Anaemia and lodine Deficiency Disorders
Unit-17Other Nutritional Disorders
Chapter-6 Nutrition and Health Programmes
Unit-18 Major Nutrition Programme
Unit-19 Major Health Programme
Unit-20 Assessment of Nutritional Status
Chapter-7 Common Childhood Illnesses, Their Prevention and Management -1
Unit-21 Caring for the Sick Child I
Unit-22 Some Disorders of the Alimentary System
Unit-23 Some Disorders of the Respiratory System
Unit-24 Some Infections of the Mouth and Throat
Unit-25 Some Problems of the Eyes
Chapter-8 Commom Childhood illness,Their Prevention And Management 
Unit-26 Common Diseases of the Skin
Unit-27 Common Problems of the Bars
Unit-28 Fevers
Unit-29 Lumps and Swellings
Unit-30 First Aid
Child Health And Nutrition(DECE2) IGNOU Unit Wise Solution Day 4(ENGLISH)
Chapter-1
Introduction to Nutrition and Health
Before Going To Read DAy 3 Question PLease Read Day 1,2 click below
Q8. Briefly describe the various dimensions of health.(15 mark)
Ans.

These are the components of health cited in the WHO definition. In addition,
we shall take a look at some of the newer dimensions of health spiritual and
vocational. As we shall see, all these dimensions are closely related and interact
with, each other.
Physical Dimension: Physical well-being implies a state in which every cell and
organ is functioning at optimum capacity and in harmony with the rest of the body.
It is a very important component of health. And in fact, in practical terms, generally
when we say that a person is healthy, we are referring to this dimension. Physical
health is comparatively easy to identify and describe.
Some of the signs of physical well-being of a person are:
Lustrous hair
Pin on kids
Healthy scalp
How to Have a Healthy Scalp | Dry Flaky Scalp – Re'equil
Good complexion
The top 10 foods to boost your complexion
Clean skin
How to Get Clear Skin | 14 Tips for Clearer Skin - L'Oréal Paris
Firm flesh
Bright, clear eyes
Bright Clear Eyes Images, Stock Photos & Vectors | Shutterstock
No malformations of skeleton
Weight normal for height and age
Well developed and firm muscles
Smooth, easy, coordinated body movements
Regular activities of bowels and bladder
Good appetite
Good Appetite - Home Remedy | अच्छे पाचन के लिए अपनाइये टिप्स | Health Tips In Hindi - YouTube
Sound sleep
Sound sleep elusive for many kids with ADHD
In such a state, the organs of the body are of normal size and function normally, and
all the senses (such as sight and hearing) are intact.
Physical health can be assessed by measures such as clinical examination, dietary
and nutritional assessment and laboratory investigations. You must be aware that it
is this dimension of health that has been receiving the most attention.
Mental Dimension: Mental health is a vital component of total health. It is basic for
dealing effectively with reality, with oneself and with others. Only a mentally
healthy person is able to meet her life problems in such a way as to provide her with
a feeling of personal satisfaction and to contribute satisfactorily to the welfare of the
society. A person who is mentally healthy is one who is free from unsolvable
internal conflicts and is able to arrive at decisions is confident about her own abilities
but recognizes her faults has high self-esteem assumes responsibilities according to
her capacity and finds satisfaction in their accomplishment is not in the habit of
condemning or pitying herself all the time is able to handle any situation without
getting too upset or tense has good control over her emotions and does not give in
frequently to strong feelings of fear, jealousy, anger or guilt adapts to situations and
people is sensitive to the emotional needs of others deals with others with
consideration is well adjusted and gets along well with others.
It is difficult to determine just when a person is no longer mentally healthy, as also
when she is the boundaries are not that clear. What would you say about somebody
who lacks self-esteem or is indecisive? The extent is obviously an important
criterion And as is true of health in general, mental health is not simply the absence of mental
illness. So what is important is not just the absence of negative attributes, but the
presence of positive ones. As things stand, our knowledge of mental health is still
incomplete and we do not have precise tools for measuring mental health.
The fact that mental well-being and physical well-being are interrelated is a common
observation. It is also suggested by the ancient concept of sound mind in a sound
body. Poor mental health affects physical health and vice-versa.
Psychological factors play a major role in physical disorders
like stomach ulcer,
Stomach ulcer - Is it heartburn - or something serious? 9 look-alike conditions - CBS News
bronchial asthma
Bronchial Asthma Treatment Service in New Delhi, Srivaidya Kerala Ayurveda Centre | ID: 14538004173
and high blood pressure.
Understanding Blood Pressure Readings | American Heart Association
Can you give an example of the reverse,
that is, how physical ill-health can affect mental health? Think of a child suffering
from a chronic kidney problem or a congenital heart condition. Her health condition
is likely to influence her activity level, her schooling and her friendships.
Social Dimension: A person’s health is not just her physical and mental well-being.
A healthy person should be well adjusted in the community of which she is a part
and should be able to function for the betterment of her community.
The social dimension of health includes the person’s ability to see herself as a
member of a larger community, the quantity and quality of her interpersonal
relationships with others and the extent of her involvement with the community.
She should fulfill her social obligations. These include obligations to the family as
well as the community. In addition, she should be able to relate to others, that is,
help others and get along well with them.
As in the case of mental health, while extreme forms of social ill-health are easy to
identify, the same is not true of minor deviations. All of us would recognize
criminals as socially ill individuals, and acts like theft and murder as manifestations
of social ill-health, but when it comes to areas like fulfilling one’s responsibility and
ability to get along well with others, the line between normal and abnormal gets
nebulous.
Like mental well-being, our knowledge of social well-being is imprecise and we
need better yardsticks to measure this dimension of health. The three aspects of
health, that is, physical, mental and social well-being, mentioned in the WHO
definition, are closely interrelated. Change in any one of them is normally
accompanied by changes in the other aspects too. For example, recall how your
mental and social well-being had been affected when you had been ill! Similarly, if
you are very tense about something, you may lose your appetite and gradually, your
physical well-being may get influenced. The way you interact with others may also
get affected.
Let us now take a look at two more dimensions of health, which are not mentioned
in the WHO definition. These are the spiritual dimension and the vocational
dimension. Though still not precisely defined, these dimensions are fast gaining
recognition. A few other dimensions have also been suggested such as philosophical,
cultural, environmental and educational, but we shall not go into these.
Spiritual Dimension: With the increasing acceptance of the concept of holistic
health, it is being widely believed that time has come to give serious consideration to
the spiritual dimension and to the role it plays in health and disease. Spiritual health,
in this context, refers to the striving to understand the meaning and purpose of life.
It is that “something” which goes beyond physiology and psychology. As you can
observe, spiritual health does not really lend itself to a concrete definition. But it
does include integrity, principles and ethics, belief in concepts that may not have a
scientific explanation, commitment to some higher being and a feeling of being
linked to the whole universe to comprise, as mentioned earlier, a perception of the
meaning and purpose of life.
You would have noticed that the spiritual dimension of health, because of being a
relatively new concept and because of its very nature, has yet to acquire a precise,
universally accepted definition. What is not in doubt however, is the need to pay
attention to this aspect, particularly in view of the stresses and strains of modern life.
A person has to be at peace with her-self before she can be at peace with the world!
Vocational Dimension: The importance of the influence of the vocational aspect of
life of the health of the individual is now being realized. To understand the
importance of this dimension, just think of the possible repercussions for the
individual when she suddenly loses her job.
When work that a person does for a living is adapted to the goals that she has set for
herself, her capabilities and her limitations, it often plays an important role in
promoting physical and mental health, and hence the other aspects as well. In other
words, it contributes to the total health of the individual. Doing the work well is a
source of satisfaction and self-esteem.
For many, the vocational dimension may only be a source of income. To others, it
may be the visible result of the efforts of the other dimensions and represent what
the person considers “success” in life. For most, both are relevant. At the same time,
it is not necessary that a person must earn money in order to achieve a sense of
fulfillment. Many may find satisfaction in doing things that do not bring financial
returns.
The vocational aspect influences and-is influenced by the other dimensions of health.
This, as you are well aware, is in fact true of each aspect of health.
To take an example, consider a person who is unsatisfied with her job but is unable to find a
better one. What effects is this likely to have as far as her overall health is concerned?
Well, she is likely to feel frustrated all the time, with accompanying feelings of
anxiety, anger and/or low self-esteem. Her constant state of tension may affect her
physical health. Her likely irritability may also affect her social health.
She is not likely to be at peace either with herself or with the worl
This would affect her spiritual well-being, these are only possibilities,

but these are strong possibilities. Don’t you agree?

09. Appreciate that health is a relative concept..(NEXT CLASS) – 5 MARK
Child Health And Nutrition(DECE2) IGNOU Unit Wise Solution Day 4(ENGLISH)
Next DECE2 Chapter 1 Question 8,9,10,11  Comming Soon…..

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Child Health And Nutrition(DECE2) IGNOU Unit Wise Solution Day 4(ENGLISH)

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