DECE1-Unit 5(Important Question)-IGNOU-ORSP

DECE1 UNIT 5
IMPORTANCE OF PLAY IN DEVELOPMENT
विकास में खेल का महत्व

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Check Your Progress Exercise 1

Check Your Progress Exercise 1

1) The words written below are characteristics of children’s play about which you have
read in this section. They have been written in a jumbled way. Write them correctly
in the space provided. For example UTB-BUT.
a) NUF-FUN
b) TSPOANEONUS-SPONTANEOUS
c) WNO WERARD-OWN REWARD
d) VITECA-ACTIVE

Check Your Progress Exercise 2

Check Your Progress Exercise 2

1) The paragraph given below describes a play situation. Read it carefully and in the space provided write about any two areas of development which are being fostered through the play activity. Describe how this happens in each case in 3-4 lines as illustrated in the example below.
Play Situation
A group of four year olds is playing in the open. Some children are shrieking and
chasing each other, Four are playing on the swing. Each child waits for her turn to
swing. One child pushes the swing for the others. While waiting for their turn, two
children begin to play in the sand. They draw shapes with a stick. One child says,
“I have made a parrot.” The other child says, “I have made an elephant. Do you
know what happened to the elephant in the jungle? He fell down in a river, and
then ……………..” In this way the child went on to narrate an imaginary incident
The child who is pushing the swing counts till the swing goes back and forth ten
times and then asks the child who is swinging to get off. The next child then gets
her turn.

Example
Language development. During the course of play children are talking to other.
One child is telling the other an imaginary incident. She is putting events in sequence
and is using words to express herself. Thus language development is being fostered.

1) Physical and motor development Running and playing on the swing aid physical
and motor development. Playing in the sand and drawing shapes with stick fosters
fine motor skills.

Social development. Playing together as also learning to wait for their turn on the
swing helps the children to learn to cooperate.

Cognitive development. While narrating the story, the child has to recall it and
string the events logically in the right sequence. While counting the number of
times the swing goes back and forth, the child understands the concept of number,
Children who are drawing shapes in the sand are becoming familiar with different
shapes.

Emotional development. Shrieking and expending energy by chasing each other
could be helping the children in coping with their pent-up emotions and energies.

1) नीचे दिया गया पैराग्राफ एक नाटक की स्थिति का वर्णन करता है। इसे ध्यान से और में पढ़ें
अंतरिक्ष ने विकास के किसी भी दो क्षेत्रों के बारे में लिखा है, जिन्हें बढ़ावा दिया जा रहा है
नाटक गतिविधि के माध्यम से। वर्णन करें कि प्रत्येक मामले में 3-4 लाइनों में यह कैसे होता है
नीचे दिए गए उदाहरण में सचित्र है।
खेलने की स्थिति
चार साल के बच्चों का एक समूह खुले में खेल रहा है। कुछ बच्चे छटपटा रहे हैं और
एक दूसरे का पीछा करते हुए, चार स्विंग पर खेल रहे हैं। प्रत्येक बच्चा अपनी बारी का इंतजार करता है
झूले। एक बच्चा दूसरों के लिए स्विंग को आगे बढ़ाता है। अपनी बारी का इंतजार करते हुए, दो
बच्चे रेत में खेलना शुरू करते हैं। वे एक छड़ी के साथ आकृतियाँ बनाते हैं। एक बच्चा कहता है,
“मैंने एक तोता बनाया है।” दूसरा बच्चा कहता है, “मैंने एक हाथी बनाया है। क्या तुम
जानिए जंगल में हाथी का क्या हुआ? वह एक नदी में गिर गया, और
फिर …………….. “इस तरह से बच्चा एक काल्पनिक घटना को बयान करता गया
जो बच्चा झूले को धक्का दे रहा है, वह तब तक गिनता है, जब तक कि झूले में दस नहीं हो जाते
बार और फिर उस बच्चे से पूछता है जो झूल रहा है। अगला बच्चा तब मिलता है
उसकी बारी है।

उदाहरण
भाषा विकास। खेल के दौरान बच्चे दूसरे से बात कर रहे होते हैं।
एक बच्चा दूसरे को काल्पनिक घटना बता रहा है। वह घटनाओं को क्रम में रख रही है
और खुद को व्यक्त करने के लिए शब्दों का उपयोग कर रहा है। इस प्रकार भाषा विकास को बढ़ावा दिया जा रहा है।

1) शारीरिक और मोटर विकास चल रहा है और स्विंग सहायता पर खेल रहा है
और मोटर विकास। रेत में खेलना और स्टिक फॉस्टर के साथ आकृतियाँ बनाना
फ़ाइन मोटर स्किल्स।

सामाजिक विकास। साथ में खेलना भी सीखते हैं ताकि वे अपनी बारी का इंतजार कर सकें
स्विंग बच्चों को सहयोग करने के लिए सीखने में मदद करता है।

ज्ञान संबंधी विकास। कहानी सुनाते समय, बच्चे को इसे याद करना होगा और
घटनाओं को तार्किक रूप से सही क्रम में स्ट्रिंग करें। की संख्या गिनते हुए
कई बार झूले के आगे-पीछे होने पर बच्चा संख्या की अवधारणा को समझता है,
जो बच्चे रेत में आकृतियाँ बना रहे हैं, वे विभिन्न से परिचित हो रहे हैं
आकार।

भावनात्मक विकास। एक-दूसरे का पीछा करते हुए ऊर्जा का संचयन और विस्तार करना
बच्चों को उनकी मनमोहक भावनाओं और ऊर्जाओं से मुकाबला करने में मदद मिल सकती है।

2) In three lines write how play fosters emotional development

  • Play is essential to development because it contributes to the cognitive, physical, social, and emotional well-being of children and youth.
  • Play also offers an ideal opportunity for parents to engage fully with their children.
  • Play allows expression of feelings and emotions which may not be
    allowed in other situations. pretending to be the father the child can ask another child to
    obey her, which she may not be able to do in other situations
  • Children’s play provides them opportunities to express delight, joy, anger, fear, distress
    and other emotions

2) तीन पंक्तियों में लिखते हैं कि कैसे भावनात्मक विकास को बढ़ावा देते हैं

विकास के लिए खेल आवश्यक है क्योंकि यह बच्चों और युवाओं के संज्ञानात्मक, शारीरिक, सामाजिक और भावनात्मक कल्याण में योगदान देता है।
प्ले भी माता-पिता को अपने बच्चों के साथ पूरी तरह से जुड़ने का एक आदर्श अवसर प्रदान करता है।
प्ले भावनाओं और भावनाओं की अभिव्यक्ति की अनुमति देता है जो नहीं हो सकता है
अन्य स्थितियों में अनुमति दी गई। पिता होने का ढोंग करने वाला बच्चा दूसरे बच्चे से पूछ सकता है
उसकी बात मानें, जो वह अन्य स्थितियों में नहीं कर सकता
बच्चों के खेलने से उन्हें खुशी, खुशी, क्रोध, भय, संकट व्यक्त करने के अवसर मिलते हैं
और अन्य भावनाएं

3) List four ways in which the caregiver can help children learn through play.

The caregiver can:
i) help the children understand their discoveries
ii) provide opportunities for discovery
iii) extend the discovery
iv) plan appropriates  play activities
All this aids learning.

3) चार तरीके सूचीबद्ध करें जिसमें देखभाल करने वाले बच्चों को खेलने के माध्यम से सीखने में मदद कर सकते हैं।

देखभाल करने वाला व्यक्ति:
i) बच्चों को उनकी खोजों को समझने में मदद करें
ii) खोज के लिए अवसर प्रदान करते हैं
iii) खोज का विस्तार करें
iv) प्ले गतिविधियों को विनियोजित करता है
यह सब सीखने में मदद करता है।

Check Your Progress Exercise 3

Check Your Progresses  3

1) Fill in the’ blanks in the following sentences:
a) Observation of children’s play provides information about their ………………………
It, & therefore, helps to assess their ……………………… in all spheres. (abilities. developnnent)
b) Play should be the medium of learning for children because learning by …………………….  is the best way to learn and learning through play is ……………………(doing. fun)

c) Play activities in which children follow instructions. of the caregiver
are ……………………. and the ones in which the child is free to do what she
wants are ………………………(Structured play. Free play)
d) Games that are usually played out in the open are ……………………..while those
that are played in the room are ………………………(outdoor games, indoor games)
e) When the child plays by herself. it is referred to as ……………………… play and
when she plays with other children it is called ……………………… Play. ( individual, group )
f) Activities that require children to spend a lot of energy are referred to
as ……………………… play activities. On the other hand play that does not involve
too much physical activity is ……………………. play. (vigorous, quiet)

1) निम्नलिखित वाक्यों में ‘रिक्त स्थान भरें:
a) बच्चों के खेल का अवलोकन उनके …………………….. के बारे में जानकारी प्रदान करता है।
यह, और इसलिए, सभी क्षेत्रों में उनके ……………………… का आकलन करने में मदद करता है। (क्षमताओं। विकसित)
b) प्ले बच्चों के लिए सीखने का माध्यम होना चाहिए क्योंकि सीखने के लिए ……………………. खेलने के माध्यम से सीखने और सीखने का सबसे अच्छा तरीका है …………………… (कर रहा है। मजेदार)

c) ऐसी गतिविधियाँ खेलें जिनमें बच्चे निर्देशों का पालन करते हैं। देखभाल करने वाले का
हैं ……………………. और बच्चे जिसमें वह करने के लिए स्वतंत्र है
चाहते हैं ……………………..
d) आमतौर पर खुले में खेले जाने वाले खेल …………………….. हैं
जो कमरे में खेले जाते हैं ……………………… (आउटडोर गेम्स, इनडोर गेम्स)
ई) जब बच्चा खुद से खेलता है। इसे ……………………… के रूप में संदर्भित किया जाता है
जब वह अन्य बच्चों के साथ खेलती है तो उसे ……………………… कहा जाता है। (व्यक्तिगत, समूह)
च) ऐसी गतिविधियाँ जिनमें बच्चों को बहुत अधिक ऊर्जा खर्च करने की आवश्यकता होती है
as ……………………… play गतिविधियों। दूसरी ओर वह नाटक जिसमें शामिल नहीं होता है
बहुत अधिक शारीरिक गतिविधि ……………………. खेल है। (जोरदार, शांत)

Check Your Progress Exercise 4

Check Your Progress Exercise 4

Answer the following questions briefly in the space provided below.
1) List all the factors that influence play.

The factors that influence play are: age, gender, culture, social class, ecology,
quality of experience and media.

2) Observe the play of a two year old and a five year old and list two activities each
of the two children,
i)Activities of the two year old.
ii) Activities of the five year old.
State why these activities are different.

The play activities of the two children will be different because children of different ages have different skills and, therefore, choose activitics appropriate to their abilities. Younger children have a shorter attention span so they would spend less time on each activity.

 

EXTRA IMPORTANT QUESTION

WHAT IS PLAY

Play can be defined as any voluntary, spontaneous, and enjoyable activity that is engaged in for its own sake, rather than as a means to an end. It is characterized by a sense of freedom, creativity, and imagination. Play is often self-directed, allowing individuals to choose the activities, rules, and goals according to their own interests and desires. It can take various forms, including physical play, imaginative play, social play, constructive play, and games with rules.

ROLE OF PLAY IN CHILD DEVELOPMENT

Play plays a crucial role in child development as it encompasses a wide range of activities that promote physical, cognitive, social, and emotional growth. Here are some key roles of play in child development:

1. Physical Development: Play encourages children to be physically active, which supports the development of gross motor skills (e.g., running, jumping, climbing) and fine motor skills (e.g., grasping objects, manipulating toys). Engaging in physical play enhances coordination, balance, strength, and overall physical fitness.

2. Cognitive Development: Play stimulates various aspects of cognitive development, including problem-solving, creativity, imagination, and critical thinking. Through play, children can explore and understand the world around them, experiment with cause-and-effect relationships, develop spatial awareness, and enhance their memory and attention skills.

3. Social Development: Play provides opportunities for children to interact with their peers, siblings, and caregivers, allowing them to develop essential social skills. Play fosters cooperation, communication, negotiation, and sharing. It helps children understand and follow social rules, take turns, and resolve conflicts. Through play, children also develop empathy and learn to understand and respect others’ perspectives.

4. Emotional Development: Play serves as an emotional outlet for children, allowing them to express and regulate their feelings. Pretend play, for example, enables children to explore different roles and emotions, helping them develop empathy and emotional intelligence. Play also provides a safe space for children to work through challenging situations, process emotions, and develop coping strategies.

5. Language Development: Play supports language acquisition and communication skills. Children engage in conversations, storytelling, and role-playing during play, which enhances their vocabulary, grammar, and comprehension. Play also encourages children to express themselves verbally, improving their articulation and communication abilities.

6. Problem-solving and Decision-making: Play presents children with opportunities to solve problems and make decisions independently. Whether it’s building with blocks, solving puzzles, or engaging in imaginary play scenarios, children learn to think critically, analyze situations, make choices, and evaluate the outcomes of their actions.

7. Self-Regulation: Play helps children develop self-control and self-regulation skills. They learn to manage their impulses, follow rules, take turns, and control their behavior and emotions within the play context. These skills are crucial for academic success, positive social interactions, and overall well-being.

It’s important to note that play should be child-directed and allow for open-ended exploration. Adults can support and facilitate play by providing a safe environment, age-appropriate materials, and opportunities for play both indoors and outdoors. By recognizing and valuing the role of play in child development, we can promote holistic growth and learning experiences for children.

CHECK OTHER PREVIOUS YEAR QUESTION

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2018

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