| Today’s Current | 10th Nov 2021 | SSC | RAILWAY | BANKING | ASO | AMIN | CT | BED | OAVS |

| Today's Current | 10th Nov 2021 | SSC | RAILWAY | BANKING | ASO | AMIN | CT | BED | OAVS |

| Today’s Current | 10th Nov 2021 | SSC | RAILWAY | BANKING | ASO | AMIN | CT | BED | OAVS |

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| Today's Current | 10th Nov 2021 | SSC | RAILWAY | BANKING | ASO | AMIN | CT | BED | OAVS |

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1 / 5

Category: Nov 2021

‘__________’ was declared as the Word of the Year for 2021 by the Oxford English Dictionary. 

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Category: Nov 2021

What was the interest rate fixed by the Ministry of Finance on Provident Fund (PF) deposits for 2021?

3 / 5

Category: Nov 2021

Name the Hackathon organised (in Nov’21) by Unique Identification Authority of India to encourage innovation among youth.

4 / 5

Category: Nov 2021

Which country (in Nov’21) launched 3-remote sensing satellites into orbit using the Long March-2D rocket?

5 / 5

Category: Nov 2021

University of Technology Sydney along with Private companies in Australia and Canada are planning to send a rover to ‘_________’ for searching water, the mission will be launched in ’_____’

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10 November – World Science Day for Peace and Development

It is observed on 10 November to highlight the important role of science in society and the need to engage the wider public in debates on emerging scientific issues.


Finance Ministry approves 8.5% return on PF deposits for FY21

  • The Ministry of Finance approved an 8.5% interest rate on Provident Fund (PF) deposits for 2020-21 (FY21). Now, the Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) will credit this interest in accounts of active 60 million beneficiaries.
  • Key Points:
  •  With this move, EPFO will have a surplus of Rs 300 crore as compared to the preceding financial year when it had a surplus of Rs 1000 crore.
  • .The Central Board of Trustees (CBT) of EPFO, headed by the Union Minister Bhupender Yadav, Ministry of Labour and Employment.
  • .Every year EPFO invests 15% of its annual accruals in equity and rest in debt instruments.

2 . UIDAI’s Launched Aadhaar Hackathon 2021 to Celebrate ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’

UIDAI’s Launched Aadhaar Hackathon 2021 to Celebrate ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’

Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), has organised a Hackathon ‘Aadhaar Hackathon 2021’ to celebrate “Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav” and promote the culture of innovation among youth.

  • This is the first-ever event conducted by UIDAI.

Objective:
To find innovative solutions to enhance the experience of the residents and to improve the interface of Aadhaar Enrolment and Authentication Software platforms.
About Aadhaar Hackathon 2021:
Aadhaar Hackathon 2021 was held from 28th October 2021 to 31st October 2021.
More than 5000 innovators from across India participated in the 95 Hours Aadhaar Hackathon 2021.
Theme:
The hackathon consists of multiple problem statements categorised under 2 themes:

  • Theme 1: Address Update
  • Theme 2: Authentication Reimagined

Prize:
i.Each theme carries the following rewards.

  • 1st Prize – Rs 3,00,000
  • 2nd Prize – Rs 2,00,000
  • 3rd Prize – Rs 1,00,000 (for two teams)

ii.The winning teams will get a chance to work with the Aadhaar team to create the next generation identity and authentication platform under Aadhaar 2.0 initiative.
iii.The team members will also get an invitation to participate in the 1st ever global conference on Aadhaar 2.0.
Key Points:
i.The innovators worked on the solution for the real-life challenges under consideration by the UIDAI and created novel ideas and solutions for the next decade of Aadhaar.
ii.UIDAI has also arranged an online mentoring session to explain the problem statements and Aadhaar technologies to the teams under the guidance of Anup Kumar, Deputy Director General (DDG), UIDAI, Dr Vivek Raghavan, Chief Product Manager, UIDAI, Gp Capt B P Sabut, Assistant Director General(ADG), UIDAI and other members from the technology team.

About Unique Identification Authority of India(UIDAI): 
UIDAI is a statutory authority established under the provisions of the Aadhaar act 2016 by the Government of India under the MeitY.
CEO– Saurabh Garg
Headquarters– New Delhi

3 . Oxford Dictionary’s Word of the Year 2021 – ‘Vax’ 

Oxford Dictionary’s Word of the Year 2021 – ‘Vax’ 

‘Vax’ has been chosen as the Word of the Year for 2021 by the Oxford English Dictionary (OED). In 2021, Vax which inturn refers to ‘Vaccine’ or ‘Vaccination’ repeatedly appeared in the news, and other written media more than any other word.

  • The appearance of words related to Vax such as ‘Vaccinate’ have increased 34 times and ‘Vaccination’ have increased 18 times.
  • The usage of the word Vaccine has been doubled due to Covid – 19 pandemic from september 2020 to september 2021.
  • Vax or Vaccine is derived from the Latin word ‘Vacca’, meaning cow and defined as Vaccination.

Note – ‘Lockdown’ was selected as the Collins Word of the Year for 2020
2020 Oxford Word of the Year:
In 2020, instead of choosing one word, Oxford Dictionary decided to name a series of words as ‘Word of the Year for 2020’, which includes – Covid-19, Lockdown, Bushfires, Black Lives Matter, WFH [Working From Home], Key workers and Furlough.      

 

4 . Australia to send Rover on Moon in 2024 to search Water

Australia to send Rover on Moon in 2024 to search Water

Private companies in Australia and Canada in collaboration with University of Technology Sydney are all set to send a rover on the moon to hunt water by mid-2024. This will be the first rover with Australian-made components to make it to the Moon.

  • It will be launched through the Hakuto lander made by ispace, a lunar robotic exploration company based in Japan.

Features of Rover:
Developer– ispace
Weight– 10Kg
Measurement– 60x60x50cm
Focus of mission:
To identify regions on the Moon with abundant water sources that can produce more usable water for human consumption, sample processing, mining operations and food growth.

  • This would also set the foundation for the establishment of a manned Moon base for further space exploration.

Key Points:
i.The rover will have an integrated robotic arm created by the private companies Stardust Technologies (based in Canada) and Australia’s EXPLOR Space Technology.
ii.The arm will collect high-resolution visual and haptic data using cameras and sensors which will be sent back to the mission control centre at the University of Technology Sydney.
iii.It will also collect information on the physical and chemical composition of lunar dust, soil and rocks.
Static:
i.Moon experiences day and night cycles, just like Earth, but one day on the Moon lasts 29.5 Earth days.
ii.The surface temperatures of the moon reaches up to 127 degree Celsius during the day and falls as low as -173 degree Celsius at night.

 

 

5 . China launches 3 Remote Sensing Satellites using Long March-2D

China launches 3 Remote Sensing Satellites using Long March-2D

On 6th November 2021, China successfully placed 3-remote sensing satellites into orbit using the Long March-2D rocket. The satellites belonging to the Yaogan-35 family were launched from the Xichang Satellite Launch Centre in Sichuan province of China.

  • This also marks the 396th mission for the Long March series carrier rockets.

i.Long March rockets, developed by the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation, are responsible for almost 96.4% of all Chinese space missions.
ii.Previously in 2019, China made the 300th successful mission using Long March rockets, since its inception in the 1970s.
iii. Frequency of Chinese Rocket Launch:

  • 37 years for first 100 launches
  • 5 years for second 100 launches
  • 4 years for third 100 launches

And in less than 2 years it is set to complete the next 100 launches.
Note – China previously launched the Core module of ‘Tiangong Space Station’ into Space. At present, Tiangong is the alternative to the International Space Station (ISS), which is set to retire in 2024.
About China: 
Capital – Beijing
President – Xi Jinping
Currency – Renminbi

6 . Renowned Cricket Coach & Dronacharya Awardee Tarak Sinha Passed Away

Renowned Cricket Coach & Dronacharya Awardee Tarak Sinha Passed Away

Renowned Cricket Coach and Dronacharya Awardee Tarak Sinha passed away due to cancer at the age of 71 in New Delhi. He was fondly referred to as “Ustad ji” by his disciples.
About Tarak Sinha:
i.Tarak Sinha was the founder of the Sonnet Cricket Club, Delhi.
ii.He has served as the coach of the Delhi team which won the Ranji title in the 1985-86 season.
iii.He has also served as the head coach of the National Women’s cricket team.
iv.The International cricketers who were trained by Tarak Sinha include Surinder Khanna, Aakash Chopra, Shikhar Dhawan, Anjum Chopra and Rishabh Pant.
Honours:
i.He received the Dronacharya Award (LifeTime) for Cricket in 2018.
ii.He was the 5th Indian cricket coach to win the honour, after Desh Prem Azad, Gurcharan Singh, Ramakant Achrekar and Sunita Sharma.

7 . International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict 2021 – November 6

International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict 2021 – November 6

The United Nations(UN)’s International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict is annually observed across the globe on November 6th to create awareness about the damages caused to the environment due to war and armed conflicts.
The exploitation of the environment in war and armed conflicts includes pollution of water wells, forest fire, deforestation, poisoning of soils, killing animals to gain military advantage.
Background:
i.The United Nations General Assembly(UNGA) adopted the resolution A/RES/56/4 on 5th November 2001 and proclaimed the 6th November of every year as the International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict.
ii.The first ever International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict was observed on 6th November 2002. 
About The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP):
Executive Director– Inger Andersen
Inception– 1972
Headquarters– Nairobi, Kenya

9 . Mountaineer Priyanka Mohite to Receive 2020’s Tenzing Norgay National Adventure Award

Mountaineer Priyanka Mohite to Receive 2020’s Tenzing Norgay National Adventure Award

Maharashtra-based, 28-year old mountaineer Priyanka Mohite was selected by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports for the prestigious ‘Tenzing Norgay National Adventure Award 2020’ for outstanding contribution in the field of land adventure.
Achievements
i.She scaled the world’s highest peak Mt Everest, Mt Lhotse and Mt.Makalu
ii.She is the 1st Indian woman to climb Mt Annapurna, the 10th highest mountain peak in the world.
Note – In 2018, Shivangi Pathak, 16-year old, became the youngest Indian woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest.
Tenzing Norgay National Award 2020
Priyanka is one among the 7-recipients of ‘2020 Tenzing Norgay National Award’ & will receive the award from President Ram Nath Kovind in during the 2021 National Sports Award.

Awardee Category 
Priyanka Mangesh Mohite Land Adventure
Jay Prakash Kumar Land Adventure
Col. Amit Bisht Land Adventure
Sheetal Land Adventure
Srikaanth Viswanathan Water Adventure
Lt. Col. Servesh Dhadwal Air Adventure
Jai Kishan Life Time Achievement

About Tenzing Norgay National Award:
i.Established in 1994 as ‘National Adventure Award’, later renamed as ‘Tenzing Norgay National Award’ in 2002.

  • Tenzing Norgay is regarded as the 1st person to scale Mount Everest.

ii.It is the highest National award in the field of adventure on land, sea and air, which is equivalent to the Arjuna Award.

10 . Highlights of 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 26) – PART 1

Highlights of 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 26) – PART 1

The 26th Conference of Parties (COP26) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is being held in Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom (UK) from 31st October – 12 November 2021.

  • Prime Minister (PM) Narendra Modi Visited the UK to attend the COP26 from November 1 to 2, 2021.
  • The COP 26 is being hosted by the United Kingdom, in partnership with Italy.

-India’s 5 Commitments set at COP 26
i.At the summit, the PM has set 5 ambitious targets for India to combat climate change. It includes that India will aim to attain net-zero emissions by 2070.
ii.The PM asserted that India is the only country that is delivering on the commitments on tackling climate change under the Paris Agreement.

S.no Commitment for India
1 To increase India’s non-fossil capacity to 500 gigawatts by 2030
2 To fulfil 50 percent of India’s energy requirements with renewable energy by 2030
3 To reduce 1 billion tonnes of the total projected carbon emission between now and 2030
4 To reduce the Indian economy’s carbon intensity to less than 45% by 2030
5 To achieve the target of net zero emissions by 2070

iii.In order to support vulnerable island nations that are in danger of submerging because of rising sea levels, the PM urged the rich countries to provide $ 1 trillion in climate finance to the developing world to achieve its climate change mitigation targets.

  • The PM also urged to make ‘Lifestyle for Environment’ a global mission.

iv.India’s launch at COP26: At the COP26, PM launched a programme IRIS (Infrastructure for the Resilient Island States), a key India-led initiative to boost infrastructure in small island nations.
v.World’s 1st Green Grids Initiative Launched by Indian and UK
PM Modi and his British counterpart Boris Johnson jointly launched the world’s 1st ‘green Grids’ Initiative, the One Sun One World One Grid (GGI-OSOWOG) on the sidelines of the COP26 summit.
vi.Countries pledge to cut methane, deforestation
i.A Global methane pledge was launched to make a 30 percent reduction in global methane emissions from 2020 levels by 2030. The pledge is jointly led by the United States and the European Union. So far, over 90 countries have signed the pledge.
ii.The pledge to stop and reverse deforestation by 2030 (not a formal agreement) was also made in the same manner. Over 100 countries including the U.S., China and Brazil have signed on to it.
About United Kingdom(UK):
Capital – London
Currency – Pound sterling
Prime minister – Boris Johnson

 

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