|1000 COMPUTER MCQ ||ICDS Supervisor ,RI,ARI,AMIN,SFS|

|1000 COMPUTER MCQ |ICDS Supervisor ,RI,ARI,AMIN,SFS|

Aspiring ICDS Supervisors, RIs, ARIs, AMINs, and SFS, this call is for you! Embark on a journey to conquer computer  with a powerful weapon: 1000 carefully crafted Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs). This comprehensive resource unlocks the door to exam success, empowering you to navigate the digital landscape with confidence.

1)Which component is responsible for performing calculations and controlling other parts of the computer?

  • (a) CPU (Central Processing Unit)
  • (b) RAM (Random Access Memory)
  • (c) Hard Disk Drive
  • (d) Motherboard

Explanation: The CPU (Central Processing Unit) is the brain of the computer, responsible for executing instructions, performing calculations, and managing other hardware components.

2)What type of memory loses its data when the computer is turned off?

  • (a) RAM (Random Access Memory)
  • (b) ROM (Read-Only Memory)
  • (c) Cache
  • (d) Hard Disk Drive 

Explanation: RAM is volatile memory, meaning it loses its data when the power is turned off. ROM and hard drives are non-volatile, retaining data even when the computer is not powered.

 

3)What device converts digital signals from the computer into analog signals for external devices like speakers and printers?

  • (a) Digital-to-Analog Converter (DAC)
  • (b) CPU
  • (c) Network Interface Card
  • (d) Graphics Card

Explanation: A DAC converts digital information from the computer into analog signals that can be understood by external devices like speakers and printers.

 

4)Which input device captures images or videos?

  • (a) Webcam
  • (b) Keyboard
  • (c) Microphone
  • (d) Mouse

Explanation: A webcam is a specialized input device that captures visual data in the form of images or videos.

 

5)What is the main function of a power supply unit (PSU)?

  • (a) Convert AC power to DC power for computer components
  • (b) Store data
  • (c) Connect to the internet
  • (d) Run software applications 

Explanation: The PSU takes alternating current (AC) power from the wall outlet and converts it to direct current (DC) power that can be used by computer components.

 

6)What type of software provides instructions for the computer to execute and manages overall system resources?

  • (a) Operating System
  • (b) Application Software
  • (c) Firmware
  • (d) Programming Language 

Explanation: The operating system acts as the foundation software on a computer, managing hardware resources, providing a user interface, and allowing application software to run.

 

7)Which language is widely used for web development and creating web pages?

  • (a) HTML (Hypertext Markup Language)
  • (b) Python
  • (c) Java
  • (d) C++

Explanation: HTML is the primary language for structuring and defining the content of web pages. Other languages like Python, Java, and C++ can be used for backend functionality and server-side scripting.

 

8)What does the acronym “BIOS” stand for?

  • (a) Basic Input Output System
  • (b) Binary Information Operating System
  • (c) Boot Image Operating System
  • (d) Basic Integrated Operating System

Explanation: BIOS stands for Basic Input Output System. It performs initial hardware checks and loads the operating system during startup.

 

9)What is the primary function of a compiler?

  • (a) Translate high-level programming language code into machine code that the computer can understand
  • (b) Run software applications
  • (c) Manage files and folders
  • (d) Connect to a network

Explanation: A compiler reads high-level programming language code and translates it into machine code, which the computer’s processor can directly understand and execute.

 

10)Which type of software protects against malware and viruses?

  • (a) Antivirus Software
  • (b) Word Processing Software
  • (c) Database Management Software
  • (d) Operating System

Explanation: Antivirus software specifically detects and protects against malware, viruses, and other malicious software threats. While operating systems may have some built-in security features, dedicated antivirus software offers more comprehensive protection.

11)What unique identifier is used to address a specific device on a network?

  • (a) IP Address (Internet Protocol Address)
  • (b) DNS Name (Domain Name System)
  • (c) URL (Uniform Resource Locator)
  • (d) Hostname 

Explanation: An IP address is a unique numerical identifier assigned

12)What is the primary purpose of a firewall?

  • (a) Monitor and control access to a network, blocking unauthorized traffic
  • (b) Connect devices wirelessly
  • (c) Share files and resources
  • (d) Encrypt data

Explanation: Firewalls act as security barriers, monitoring and controlling incoming and outgoing network traffic to block unauthorized access and potential threats.

13)What does the acronym “VPN” stand for?

  • (a) Virtual Private Network
  • (b) Very Powerful Network
  • (c) Voice over IP Network
  • (d) Virtualized Public Network

Explanation: VPN stands for Virtual Private Network. It creates a secure tunnel for data transmission over a public network, encrypting data and shielding it from unauthorized access.

14)What is the process of “booting” a computer?

  • (a) Initializing the hardware and software necessary to start the system, loading the operating system and basic drivers
  • (b) Shutting down the computer and closing running applications
  • (c) Updating the operating system with the latest security patches
  • (d) Installing new software applications on the system

Explanation: Booting is the process of starting a computer system. It involves initializing hardware components, loading the operating system kernel and essential drivers, and configuring the system for basic functionality.

15) What does CPU stand for?

a) Central Processing Unit
b) Computer Processing Unit
c) Central Processor Unit
d) Central Peripheral Unit

Explanation: The CPU (Central Processing Unit) is the primary component of a computer that performs most of the processing tasks.

16)Which programming language is known as the “mother of all languages”?

a) C
b) Python
c) Assembly
d) COBOL

Explanation: Assembly language is considered the “mother of all languages” as it directly corresponds to the machine code and provides a low-level representation of a computer’s architecture.

17)What is the purpose of an operating system?

a) Run applications
b) Manage hardware resources
c) Both a and b
d) Neither a nor b

Explanation: An operating system is responsible for running applications and managing hardware resources to ensure efficient and proper functioning of a computer system.

18)What does HTML stand for?

a) HyperText Markup Language
b) High-Level Text Management Language
c) Hyper Transfer Markup Language
d) Hyperlink and Text Management Language

Explanation: HTML(HyperText Markup Language) is a markup language used for creating the structure of web pages.

19)Which file format is commonly used for compressed archives?

a) JPEG
b) MP3
c) ZIP
d) PDF

Explanation: ZIP is a common file format used for compressed archives, allowing multiple files to be compressed into a single file.

20)Which of the following is an example of an output device?

a) Mouse
b) Printer
c) Microphone
d) Webcam

Explanation: A printer is an output device that produces a hard copy of a document or image.

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MATH(PMST-2024)

PMST-2024- Mini Mock-02

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ସୀମା ଦେଖିଛନ୍ତି ଯେ ଚଳଚ୍ଚିତ୍ରର ଟିକେଟ୍ ବୃଦ୍ଧି 9: 10 ଅନୁପାତରେ ହୋଇଛି । ଯଦି ମୁଭି ହଲରେ ଟିକେଟର ମୂଲ୍ୟ 180 ଟଙ୍କା ଏବଂ ମୋଟ 2200 ଟିକେଟ୍ ବିକ୍ରି ହୋଇଛି, ତେବେ ମୁଭି ହଲ୍ ର ମୋଟ ରାଜସ୍ୱ ବୃଦ୍ଧିର ପରିମାଣ ନିରୂପଣ କର?

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ଜଣେ ବ୍ୟକ୍ତି 10 ଘଣ୍ଟାରେ 85 କିଲୋମିଟର ଦୂରତା ଅତିକ୍ରମ କରିଥିଲେ। ସେ ଘଣ୍ଟାପ୍ରତି 7 କିଲୋମିଟର ବେଗରେ ସାଇକେଲରେ ଏବଂ 12 କିଲୋମିଟର ବେଗରେ କାର୍ ଦ୍ଵାରା ଯାତ୍ରା କରିଥିଲେ। ତେବେ କାର୍ ଦ୍ୱାରା ଅତିକ୍ରମ ଦୂରତା ହେଉଛି ।

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ଯଦି a ∶ b = 7 ∶ 9 ଏବଂ b ∶ c = 5 ∶ 7, ତେବେ a ∶ c ର ମୂଲ୍ୟ ଖୋଜ?

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ମାରିଆ 26,000 ଟଙ୍କାରେ ଏକ ସ୍କୁଟର କିଣିଥିଲେ । ସେ ଏହାକୁ 10% କ୍ଷତିରେ ବିକ୍ରି କରିଥିଲେ। ସେହି ଟଙ୍କାରେ ସେ ଆଉ ଏକ ସ୍କୁଟର କିଣି 20% ଲାଭରେ ବିକ୍ରି କରିଥିଲେ। ତେବେ ସାମଗ୍ରିକ ଲାଭ/କ୍ଷତି କ’ଣ?

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25 – [24 – {6 ÷ 3 – (6 – 9 ÷ 3) ÷ 3}] ର ମୂଲ୍ୟ ନିମ୍ନଲିଖିତ ମଧ୍ୟରୁ କେଉଁଟି ସହିତ ସମାନ?

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ଜଣେ ଚୋରକୁ ପୋଲିସ ଗୋଡ଼ାଇ ଗୋଡ଼ାଇ ଧରିଛି। ଚୋରଟି ପୋଲିସଠାରୁ 40 ମିଟର ଆଗରେ ଥିଲା ଏବଂ ଚୋରର ଗତି ଯଥାକ୍ରମେ 10 m / s ଏବଂ 15 m / s ଅଟେ । ପୋଲିସ ଦ୍ୱାରା ଯାତ୍ରା କରାଯାଇଥିବା ସମୁଦାୟ ଦୂରତା ଖୋଜ ।

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A : C ର ବୟସର ଅନୁପାତ = 1 : 2, C : D ର ବୟସର ଅନୁପାତ = 2 : 3 ଏବଂ B : C ର ବୟସର ଅନୁପାତ = 5 : 6 । ଯଦି B ଏବଂ D ର ବୟସ ମଧ୍ୟରେ ଅନ୍ତର 28 ଅଟେ, ତେବେ A ଏବଂ B ର ହାରାହାରି ବୟସ ନିର୍ଦ୍ଧାରଣ କରନ୍ତୁ।

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ଜଣେ ଦୁଗ୍ଧବ୍ୟବସାୟୀଙ୍କର ତିନୋଟି ଭିନ୍ନ ଭିନ୍ନ ପ୍ରକାରର କ୍ଷୀର ଥାଏ । ପ୍ରଥମ ପ୍ରକାରରେ 403 ଗ୍ୟାଲନ୍, ଦ୍ଵିତୀୟ ପ୍ରକାରରେ 465 ଗ୍ୟାଲନ୍ ଓ ତୃତୀୟ ପ୍ରକାରର 496 ଗ୍ୟାଲନ୍ ରହିଛି। ସମାନ ଆକାରର ସର୍ବନିମ୍ନ ସମ୍ଭାବ୍ୟ ବୋତଲ ସଂଖ୍ୟା ନିର୍ଦ୍ଧାରଣ କରନ୍ତୁ ଯାହା ବିଭିନ୍ନ ପ୍ରକାରର କ୍ଷୀରକୁ ମିଶ୍ରଣ ନକରି ପୂରଣ କରାଯାଇପାରିବ।

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A ଏବଂ B ଉଭୟ 16 ଦିନ ମଧ୍ୟରେ କାର୍ଯ୍ୟ ସମାପ୍ତ କରିପାରିବେ | କେତେ ଦିନ ମଧ୍ୟରେ କେବଳ A କାର୍ଯ୍ୟ ସମାପ୍ତ କରିପାରିବ, B ଏବଂ A ର ଦକ୍ଷତା ଯଥାକ୍ରମେ 3 : 4 ଅନୁପାତରେ ଅଛି ?

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ସର୍ବ ବୃହତ ସଂଖ୍ୟାର ମୂଲ୍ୟ କେତେ ହେବା ଉଚିତ ଯାହା 1267 ଏବଂ 3742 କୁ ବିଭକ୍ତ କରେ ଏବଂ ଉଭୟ କ୍ଷେତ୍ରରେ 17 ଭାଗଶେଷ ଦିଏ ?

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ତିନୋଟି ସଂଖ୍ୟା ଅଛି, ପ୍ରଥମ ସଂଖ୍ୟା ଦ୍ୱିତୀୟ ର ତିନି ଗୁଣ ଏବଂ ତୃତୀୟ ସଂଖ୍ୟା ପ୍ରଥମର ତିନି-ଚତୁର୍ଥାଂଶ | ଯଦି ତିନୋଟି ସଂଖ୍ୟାର ହାରାହାରି 125, ତେବେ ଦ୍ୱିତୀୟ ବୃହତ୍ତମ ସଂଖ୍ୟା ହେଉଛି?

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ଏକ ସହରର ଜନସଂଖ୍ୟା ବାର୍ଷିକ 5 % ହାରରେ ବୃଦ୍ଧି ପାଉଛି | ବର୍ତ୍ତମାନର ଜନସଂଖ୍ୟା 16000 ହେଲେ ଦୁଇ ବର୍ଷ ପରେ ଏହି ଆଧାରରେ ସହରର ଜନସଂଖ୍ୟା କେତେ ହେବ ?

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ଦୁଇଟି ପାଇପ୍ P ଏବଂ Q ଯଥାକ୍ରମେ 7 ଘଣ୍ଟା 30 ମିନିଟ୍ ଏବଂ 9 ଘଣ୍ଟା 30 ମିନିଟ୍ ରେ ଏକ ଟାଙ୍କି ପୂରଣ କରିପାରିବେ। ଟାଙ୍କି ଭରିବା ପାଇଁ ଏକାସାଙ୍ଗରେ ଦୁଇଟି ପାଇପ୍ ଖୋଲାଯାଇଥାଏ । ତେବେ କେତେ ଘଣ୍ଟା ମଧ୍ୟରେ ଖାଲି ଟାଙ୍କି ପୂରଣ ହେବ?

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ଦୈନିକ 8 ଘଣ୍ଟା କାମ କରୁଥିବା 10 ଜଣ ପୁରୁଷ 28 ଦିନରେ ଗୋଟିଏ କାମ ଶେଷ କରିପାରିବେ। କେତେ ଦିନରେ, 8 ଜଣ ପୁରୁଷ ଦିନକୁ 5 ଘଣ୍ଟା କାମ କରି ଏବଂ ସେହି କାମର 50% ସମ୍ପୂର୍ଣ୍ଣ କରିବେ?

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ଏକ ଡଙ୍ଗାରେ 10 ଜଣ ଲୋକ ବସିଛନ୍ତି ଯାହାର ହାରାହାରି ଓଜନ 58 କିଲୋଗ୍ରାମ | ଜଣେ ବ୍ୟକ୍ତି ଡଙ୍ଗାରୁ ଚାଲିଯିବା ହେତୁ ହାରାହାରି ଓଜନ 200 ଗ୍ରାମ ହ୍ରାସ ହୁଏ, ତେବେ ଡଙ୍ଗା ଛାଡିଥିବା ବ୍ୟକ୍ତିଙ୍କ ଓଜନ ଖୋଜ?

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10 ଜଣ ପୁରୁଷ 15 ଦିନ ମଧ୍ୟରେ ଏକ କାମ କରନ୍ତି | 7 ପୁରୁଷ ଏବଂ3 ମହିଳା 20 ଦିନ ମଧ୍ୟରେ ସମାନ କାର୍ଯ୍ୟ କରନ୍ତି | କାମ କରିବା ପାଇଁ ଜଣେ ମହିଳା ନେଇଥିବା ଦିନସଂଖ୍ୟା ହେଉଛି ?

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ଯଦି A ର 20% = B ର 30% = C ର 1/6, ତାହେଲେ A ∶ B ∶ C ହେଉଛି

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2/5 ,3/10  ,4/15  ର ଲସାଗୁ ହେଉଛି

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A 30 ଦିନ ମଧ୍ୟରେ ଏକ ଡିଭାଇଡର୍ ତିଆରି କରିପାରିବ, ଯେତେବେଳେ କେବଳ B ଏହାକୁ 40 ଦିନରେ ଏକତ୍ର କରିପାରିବ ଯଦି ସେମାନେ ଏହାକୁ ଏକାଠି କରନ୍ତି ଏବଂ 7000 ଟଙ୍କା ର ଏକ କିସ୍ତି ପାଇପାରିବେ , B କ’ଣ ପାଇବ?

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120 ମିଟର ଏବଂ 180 ମିଟର ଦୈର୍ଘ୍ୟର ଦୁଇଟି ଟ୍ରେନ୍ ଯଥାକ୍ରମେ 50 କିଲୋମିଟର/ଘଣ୍ଟା ଏବଂ 40 କିଲୋମିଟର/ଘଣ୍ଟା ବେଗରେ ବିପରୀତ ଦିଗରେ ଚାଲୁଥାନ୍ତି । କେଉଁ ସମୟରେ ସେମାନେ ପରସ୍ପରକୁ ଅତିକ୍ରମ କରିବେ?

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