Important Current Affair 4th October 2020

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  1. Donald Trump, US First Lady test COVID-19 positive

United States President Donald Trump announced that he and First Lady Melania Trump had tested positive for the novel coronavirus.

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi has wished for quick recovery and good health of United States President Donald Trump and First Lady Melania Trump.
  • Donald John Trump is the 45th and current president of the United States.
  • Before entering politics, he was a businessman and television personality.

United State of America

  • Country – USA  
  • Capital-Washington, D.C
  • Currency-United States dollar ($) (USD)
  • Largest city  – New York City
  • Government – Federal presidential constitutional republic
    • President – Donald Trump (R)
    Vice President[c] – Mike Pence (R)
    • House Speaker – Nancy Pelosi (D)
    • Chief Justice – John Roberts
    Legislature – Congress
    • Upper house – Senate
    • Lower house – House of Representatives
  • Independence from –  Great Britain
    • Declaration – July 4, 1776
    • Confederation – March 1, 1781
    • Treaty of Paris – September 3, 1783
    • Constitution – June 21, 1788
    • Bill of Rights – September 25, 1789
    • Last state admitted – August 21, 1959
    • Last amendment – May 5, 1992

   2.US issues fresh sanctions against Syria

The United States announced over a dozen sanctions against Syrian individuals and entities to further pressure the Syrian government.

  • The sanctions designated the head of the Syrian General Intelligence Directorate, the governor of the Central Bank of Syria, and a business network that allegedly “generate revenue for the regime and its supporters,”.
  • The State Department on the same day blacklisted other three Syrian persons for their roles in the Syria conflict.
  • According to the statement, all property and interests of the property of the designated entities and the individuals in the United States have been blocked, and US persons are generally prohibited from engaging in any transactions with them.
  • Capital: Damascus
  • President: Bashar al-Assad
  • Currency: Syrian pound

3.India expresses concern over Armenia, Azerbaijan clashes

For almost four decades, Armenia and Azerbaijan have been battling over a piece of land situated in the mountainous region of south Caucasus.

  • The dispute over Nagorno Karabakh that began in 1988 has over the years caused massive human rights violations, a severe refugee crisis and impacted the economies of both the Transcaucasian republics.
  • The issue flared up once again this week, resulting in more deaths and destruction.
  • Reportedly, close to a hundred lives have been lost between civilians and Armenian combatants. Azerbaijan is yet to release data on its military losses.
  • India has expressed its concern over reports of resumption of hostilities in the Nagarno-Karabakh region of the Armenia-Azerbaijan border which took place in the early hours of September 27.






4.Arjun Munda launches largest market of tribal products ‘Tribes India E-Marketplace’

Minister of Tribal Affairs Arjun Munda virtually launched India’s largest handicraft and organic products marketplace- Tribes India E-Marketplace on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti.

  • This path breaking initiative of TRIFED will showcase the produce and handicrafts of tribal enterprises from across the country. It will help them market their products directly.
  • On this occasion, Mr Arjun Munda also flagged off several other TRIFED initiatives that are aimed to support tribal brethren.
  • These include the inauguration of Tribes India’s 123rd and 124th outlets in Rishikesh and Kolkata, inclusion of new tribal product ranges from the states of Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh and partnership of TRIFED and Tribes India with Amazon in their Seller Flex program.








5.Over 97 per cent of cities across country become Open Defecation Free

Government said that more than 97 per cent of the cities across the country have become Open Defecation Free, ODF.

  • The spirit of Jan Andolan and Jan Bhagidari is exemplified by the Swachh Survekshan 2020 in which over 12 crores of citizens have participated in the survey.
  • When Swachh Bharat Mission- urban was launched in 2014, it was with the vision of achieving Clean India by 2nd October 2019, the 150th birth anniversary of the Father of the Nation.
  • From a position of zero ODF states and cities in 2014, more than 97 per cent of Indian cities have now become ODF.








6.ISRO to launch its Venus mission in 2025

ISRO is scheduled to launch its Venus mission in 2025 and France will participate in it.

  • The VIRAL (Venus Infrared Atmospheric Gases Linker) instrument co-developed with the Russian federal space agency Roscosmos and the LATMOS atmospheres, environments and space observations laboratory attached to the French national scientific research centre CNRS has been selected by the ISRO after a request for proposals.
  • ISRO chairman K Sivan and CNES president Jean-Yves Le Gall held talks and reviewed the areas driving cooperation between France and India in space.
  • After the Mars Orbiter Mission (Mangalyaan) and Moon missions Chandrayaan-1 and 2, ISRO has set its eyes on Venus for carrying out its interplanetary mission.
  • France and India share a robust collaboration in the arena of space.
  • It is one of the three nations with whom India collaborates in the strategic sectors of nuclear, space and defence — the other two being the US and Russia.







7.‘-Urban on Gandhi Swachhata Ke 6 Saal, Bemisaal’- MOHUA to celebrate six years of Swachh Bharat Mission Jayanti

The Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs (MoHUA) is celebrating the sixth anniversary of Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban (SBM-U) by organizing a webinar titled ‘Swachhata Ke 6 Saal, Bemisaal’ on 2nd October 2020.

  • The day, which also marks the 151st birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, focus on celebrating the achievements of the past six years under the Mission along with experience sharing by States and cities and partner organizations.
  • Since its launch in 2014, SBM-U has made significant progress in the area of both sanitation and solid waste management.









8.UP becomes first state in country to undertake over one crore tests to screen Coronavirus

Uttar Pradesh has achieved another landmark in testing of COVID samples by becoming the first state in the country to undertake over one crore tests to screen Coronavirus.

  • Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath termed it a great achievement and said that the government has conducted 1.5 lakh tests per day for the past 45 days.
  • The total number of tests conducted in state stood at 1,00,98,896 as per official data released by the State Medical Education Department.
  • Of these, nearly 42 per cent of tests were done through the RT-PCR method.
  • UP’s share in the total tests conducted in the country now stands at 13.6 per cent.
  • State’s daily average of testing over the past few days has been 1.5 lakh tests.









9.Chemicals minister launches home delivery of fertilisers for Andhra farmers

Chemicals and Fertilisers Minister D V Sadananda Gowda launched the home delivery facility of fertilisers for farmers in Andhra Pradesh.

  • Gowda launched POS 3.1 software, SMS Gateway and home delivery facility of fertilisers for farmers in Andhra Pradesh.
  • Under the POS 3.1 version, keeping in view of prevailing pandemic condition, contactless one-time password (OTP)-based authentication option has been introduced.
  • Farmers will be able to purchase fertiliser without touching fingerprint sensors.
  • SMS Gateway will periodically send SMS to farmer about availability of fertiliser at retail outlets from where he last purchased the fertiliser.
  • Under an initiative of home delivery of fertilisers in Andhra Pradesh, the state government has launched 10,641 Rythu Bharosa Kendralu (RBKs) in all gram panchayats to provide farmers with quality inputs and allied services.







10.Google India launches campaign to drive demand for small businesses

Google India announced the launch of its nationwide campaign “Make Small Strong” in order to help support small businesses and drive demand through customer support.

  • ‘‘Make Small Strong’ campaign is meant to “rally support from the citizens for small businesses.
  • The citizens can help small businesses by buying locally, leaving reviews and ratings and by promoting their favourite retailers on social media.
  • This would help to generate demand for these businesses.








11.SBI appoints Charanjit Attra as CFO

The country’s largest public sector lender State Bank of India (SBI) announced the appointment of Charanjit Singh Attra as Chief Financial Officer (CFO).

  • The position of CFO has been vacant since former Deputy MD & CFO Prashant Kumar moved to Yes Bank as part of the RBI’s rescue plan led by SBI.
  • Kumar was replaced in interim capacity by C Venkat Nageshwar.
  • Attra has been nominated on various committees of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) and the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and he also was a special invitee on the National Advisory Committee on Accounting Standards set up in the Ministry of Company Affairs.






12.Gajendra Singh Shekhawat gives away Swachh Bharat Awards 2020; Gujarat bags first position under Swachh Sundar Samudayak Shouchalaya category

The Swachh Bharat Awards-2020 were given to States, Districts, Blocks and Village Panchayats by Union Jal Shakti Minister Gajendra Singh Shekhawat.

  • The awards were given particularly under drinking water and cleanliness categories.
  • The Union Government had earlier launched three missions under Swachh Sundar Samudayik Shouchalaya, Samudayik Shouchalaya Abhiyan and Gandagi Mukth Bharat.
  • Under the Swachh Sundar Samudayik Shouchalaya category Gujarat bagged the first position at state level whereas Tirunelveli in Tamil Nadu got the Award for cleanliness at District Level.
  • Under the Samudayik Shouchalaya Abhiyan, Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh were awarded as the best performing states whereas Prayagraj and Bareilly got it for being the best performing districts.
  • Under the Gandagi Mukth Bharat Mission, Haryana and Telangana were awarded the top slot.



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