Current Affairs: 17th January 2023

Current Affairs: 17th JANUARY 2023

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                                      Let us have a look at Today’s Questions:-

January 2023 Current Affairs

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1)Jallikattu celebrations began in which state on 14 January 2023?

A. Kerala
B. Karnataka
C. Tamil Nadu
D. Telangana

The correct answer is Tamil Nadu.
In News

  • Jallikattu celebrations began in Tamil Nadu on 14 January 2023.

Key Points

  • It is a popular bull-taming sport practised in the state of Tamil Nadu.
  • It is also known as ‘Eru Thazhuvuthal’ or ‘Mancuvirattu.’
  • It is practised as a part of Pongal celebrations on the day of Mattu Pongal.
  • It is a sport where a bull is let loose among a crowd, and people participating are supposed to take control of the bull by holding on to its hump for as long as they can.

Additional Information
Tamil Nadu:

  • Chief Minister – M.K. Stalin.
  • Governor – RN Ravi.
  • Lok Sabha seats – 39.
  • Rajya Sabha seats – 18.
  • State Animal – Nilgiri tahr.
  • State Bird – Common emerald dove.
  • National Parks – Guindy National Park, Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park, Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) National Park, Mudumalai National Park, Mukurthi National Park.

2)Think 20′ meeting under G20 began in which city on 16 January 2023?

A. Bhopal
B. New Delhi
C. Agra
D. Patna

The correct answer is Bhopal.
In News

  • ‘Think 20’ meeting under G20 began in Bhopal on 16 January 2023.

Key Points

  • The meeting will be attended by 94 representatives from different countries, besides intellectuals and officials from India.
  • During the meeting, experts and foreign guests will discuss various topics including ‘Global Governance with LiFE, Values, and Wellbeing’.
  • The G20, or Group of 20, is an intergovernmental forum of the world’s major developed and developing economies.
  • There will be 10 parallel sessions on the first day on various topics including
    institutional framework, investing in children as an investment in future, financing resilient cities and societies, economic systems transformation and one health wellness and traditional medicine.
  • The guests from India and abroad will also visit the Tribal Museum in Bhopal.

Additional Information

  • The G20 or Group of Twenty is an intergovernmental forum comprising 19 countries and the European Union (EU).
  • It works to address major issues related to the global economy, such as international financial stability, climate change mitigation, and sustainable development.
  • The G20 was founded in 1999 in response to several world economic crises.
    Members of G-20:
    1. Australia
    2. Canada
    3. Saudi Arabia
    4. United States
    5. India
    6. Russia
    7. South Africa
    8. Turkey
    9. Argentina
    10. Brazil
    11. Mexico
    12. France
    13. Germany
    14. Italy
    15. United Kingdom
    16. China
    17. Indonesia

3)Who has been appointed as the new Chief Economist of Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), in January 2023?

A. Peter Maurer
B. Clare Lombardelli
C. Laurence Boone
D. António Guterres

The correct answer is Clare Lombardelli.
In News

  • UK’s Clare Lombardelli has been appointed as the new Chief Economist
    of Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

Key Points

  • She is currently UK Treasury’s chief economic adviser.
  • Lombardelli has 20 years of experience in economic analysis.
  • She will lead the OECD’s economic work, replacing France’s Laurence Boone, who has held the post since 2018.

Additional Information
Recent Appointments:

  • Meta announced the appointment of former Tata CLiQ CEO Vikas Purohit as the director of a global business group in India in January 2023.
  • Dr Vinaya Prakash Singh will take over the charge of Secretary General of the Asian Pacific Postal Union for a tenure of four years.
  • Ajay Kumar Srivastava has been elevated as Managing Director and CEO of
    Indian Overseas Bank with effect from January 1, 2023, from his current posting as executive director.
  • Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) Director General Sujoy Lal Thaosen took the additional charge as Director General Border Security Force (BSF).
  • The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development is an
    intergovernmental organisation with 38 member countries, to stimulate economic progress and world trade.
  • Headquarters: Paris, France
  • Founded: 30 September 1961
  • India is not a member.

4)When is National Startup Day observed?

A. 13 January
B. 14 January
C. 15 January
D. 16 January

The correct answer is 16 January.
In News

  • With a focus on promoting and encouraging upcoming businesses in the country, January 16 was adopted as the National Startup Day in 2022.

Key Points

  • On January 15, 2022, PM Modi first announced the adoption of the day.
  • To celebrate this day, the Ministry of Commerce has organized Startup India Innovation Week from 10 to 16 January 2023.
  • On this day, several events are being organised in more than 75 places.
  • The Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade is organizing the felicitation ceremony for the winners of the National Startup Awards 2022.
  • The award ceremony, announced as a flagship initiative under Startup India aims to recognize and reward the excellence exhibited by startups and ecosystem enablers.

5) As per the annual inequality report released by ________, the richest 1% in India now own more than 40% of the country’s total wealth.

A. Amnesty International
B. Greenpeace
C. Oxfam International
D. World Vision International

The correct answer is Oxfam International.
In News

  • As per Oxfam International, the richest 1% in India now own more than 40% of the country’s total wealth.

Key Points

  • The bottom half of the population of India together share just 3% of the wealth.
  • Taxing India’s 10-richest at 5% can fetch entire money to bring children back to school.
  • A one-off tax on unrealized gains from 2017–2021 on Gautam Adani would raise enough to employ 5 million Indian primary school teachers for a year.
  • The richest 1% have bagged nearly twice as much wealth as the rest of the world population put together over the past two years.
  • As per the report, billionaire fortunes are increasing by USD 2.7 bn a day.
  • A tax of up to 5% on the rich could raise USD 1.7 trillion a year, enough to lift two billion people out of poverty.

Additional Information
Oxfam International:

  • It is a group of independent non-governmental organisations formed in 1995.
  • The name “Oxfam” comes from the Oxford Committee for Famine Relief, founded in Britain in 1942.
  • Reports Published: Inequality Kills, Global Inequality Crisis Report.

6)Who won the Best Actor award at the Critics Choice Awards 2023 held in January 2023 in Los Angeles, US?

A. Arnold Vosloo
B. Brendan Fraser
C. John Hannah
D. Pauly Shore

The correct answer is Brendan Fraser.
In News

  • Critics Choice Awards 2023 were held on 15 January 2023, in Los Angeles, US.

Key Points

  • S.S. Rajamouli-directed RRR won 2 awards, one for Best Foreign Language Film and another for Best Song (Nattu Nattu).
  • Best Picture: Everything Everywhere All at Once
  • Best Actor: Brendan Fraser for “The Whale”
  • Best Actress: Cate Blanchett for “Tár”
  • Best Director: Daniel Kwan and Daniel Scheinert for Everything Everywhere All at Once
  • Best supporting actor: Ke Huy Quan for “Everything Everywhere All at Once
  • Best supporting actress: Angela Bassett for “Black Panther: Wakanda Forever”
  • Best young actor/actress: Gabriel LaBelle for “The Fabelmans”
  • Best adapted screenplay: Sarah Polley, “Women Talking”
  • Best Cinematography: Claudio Miranda for “Top Gun: Maverick”

7)As per data from Commerce Ministry, India’s WPI -based inflation eased to how much per cent in December 2022 from 5.85% in November on an annual basis?

A. 4.75%
B. 4.95%
C. 5.15%
D. 5.55%

The correct answer is 4.95%.
In News

  • As per data from Commerce Ministry, India’s WPI -based inflation eased to 4.95% in December 2022 from 5.85% in November on an annual basis.

Key Points

  • The inflation rate has slipped below 5% for the first time since February 2021.
  • The inflation rate was 4.83 percent in February 2021.
  • The decline in the rate of inflation in December 2022 is primarily contributed by the fall in prices of food articles, mineral oils, crude petroleum and natural gas, textiles and chemicals.
  • The retail inflation in December eased to 5.72 percent, the lowest in a year.
  • The inflation in primary articles was at 2.38 percent versus 0.52 percent in November.
  • The month-over-month change in WPI for the month of December stood at (-)1.12 percent as compared to November 2022.
  • The food articles inflation rate eased to 0.65 percent in December from 2.17 percent a month before.

Additional Information

  • WPI measures the average change in prices of commodities at the wholesale level.
  • Published by: Office of Economic Advisor (Ministry of Commerce).
  • Base Year:2011-12

8) Ministry of Minority Affairs (MoMA) has discontinued the Padho Pardesh scheme. It was being implemented through which bank?

A. HDFC Bank
B. Bank of India
C. Axis Bank
D. Canara Bank

The correct answer is Canara Bank.
In News

  • Ministry of Minority Affairs (MoMA) has discontinued the Padho Pardesh scheme.

Key Points

  • The scheme provided interest subsidy on education loans for overseas studies for students belonging to minority communities.
  • The objective was to provide opportunities for higher education at Master, M.Phil and PhD levels abroad and enhance their employability.
  • It was being implemented through Canara Bank.
  • The existing beneficiaries as on March 31, 2022, will continue to receive the interest subsidy during the moratorium period of the loan.

Additional Information

  • Under the scheme, interest payable by the students availing education loans as prescribed under the Education Loan Scheme of the IBA for the period of
    moratorium shall be borne by the Government of India.
  • After the period of moratorium is over, the interest on the outstanding loan amount shall be paid by the student, in accordance with the existing Educational Loan Scheme.
  • The candidate will bear the Principal instalments and interest beyond the moratorium period.
  • A moratorium is a course period, plus one year or six months after getting a job, whichever is earlier.

9)148th Foundation Day of India Meteorological Department (IMD) was celebrated in which city on 15 January 2023?

A. Pune
B. Kolkata
C. New Delhi
D. Agra

The correct answer is New Delhi.
In News

  • 148th Foundation Day of India Meteorological Department (IMD) was celebrated on 15 Jan 2023 in New Delhi.

Key Points

  • On the occasion, Dr Jitendra Singh announced that the entire country will be covered by Doppler Weather Radar Network by 2025 to predict extreme weather events more accurately.
  • Under Agro-Meteorological Services, it is targeted to establish 660 District Agro Meteorological Units (DAMUs) by 2025 and increase from 3,100 blocks in 2023 to 7,000 blocks in 2025.

Additional Information

  • IMD is the chief government agency dealing in meteorology, seismology, and associated subjects.
  • IMD was founded in 1875.
  • Headquarters: New Delhi
  • IMD works under the Ministry of Earth Sciences.
  • IMD is one of the six Regional Centres of the World Meteorological Organisation.

10)As per a statement by Union Minister Dr Jitendra Singh, the entire country will be covered by Doppler weather radar network by which year?

A. 2024
B. 2025
C. 2026
D. 2027

The correct answer is 2025.
In News

  • Union Minister Dr Jitendra Singh on 15 January 2023 informed that by 2025, the entire country will be covered by Doppler weather radar network.

Key Points

  • The purpose is to predict extreme weather events more accurately.
  • The number of Doppler radars in the country has increased from 15 in 2013 to 37 in 2023.
  • India will set up 25 more radars in the next 2 to 3 years, taking the number to 62.
  • Dr Jitendra Singh inaugurated four Doppler weather radar systems in Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand, and Himachal Pradesh as well as 200 agro-automated weather stations.
  • The government plans to establish 660 district agro-meteorological units by 2025.
  • IMD plans to upgrade the existing Doppler radars to eliminate uncertainties in rainfall estimates.

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January 2023 Current Affairs

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